Introduction

Being situated in the northwest of Romania, at the passage between the Eastern Carpathians and Apuseni Mountains, Sălaj County is known from ancient times as Silvaniei Land that is the Land of the Forests. It has as neighbors to the north the counties Satu-Mare and Maramureş, to the west and south-west Bihor County, and to the south-east Cluj County. Zalău municipality, which is found in the center of the county on the river with the same name, is the administrative residence of the county.


From a geographical point of view, Sălaj County is an area of hills and valleys along the rivers Almaj, Agrij, Someş, Sălaj, Crasna and Barcău. The mountains are represented in the southwest by two branches of the Apuseni Mountains, the peaks Mereş and Plopiş. The depressions occupy a significant part of the teritory of the county, important agricultural areas with many settlements. The 77 wooden churches (sixteenth -nineteenth centuries) place the county among the first places, in terms of the historical architectural monuments.


The existence of an ethnographic and folk heritage, the variety of over 350 historical monuments, sites and fields, remain proof of a turbulent history of Salaj County. Drawings with an age of over 12,000 years were discovered on the walls of a cave in Cuciulat, a settlement on the banks of Somes River. These drawings are the oldest of this kind from this part of Europe. The oldest solid gold thesaurus discovered in Romania, weighing 780 g and dating from the Neolithic, was found in Salaj County, at Moigrad. Dacian vestiges are found on the entire territory of the county.


The settlement and the fortification complex from Magura Simleu Silvanei are known under the name of dacidava, and Moigrad (Porolissum) is mentioned by Ptolemyin in his work Geographia, with the military reinforcements from Porolissum, the capital of the province Dacia Porolissenis and raised to the status of municipality around 200 AD. The Roman Fields from Bucium, Romita, Tihau, Sutone and Romanasi, the medieval citadels from Almas, Moigrad, Cheud, Cehu Silvanei, Simleu Silvaniei and Vulcan are the proof of the civilization and history mentioned in the documents dating back to ancient times. The history of Salaj is also related to the name of the ruler Michael the Brave, whose memorial is found in Guraslau, the place where on August 3, 1601 took place the battle, built in the memory of the one who made for the first time the Union of the Romanian Principalities.


In terms of the administrative-territorial organization, Salaj county comprises the former county Salaj, organized in 1876 and the former county Solnocul de Mijloc with the residence at Zalau and then at Simleul Silvaniei. Salaj has representative figures who fought for the independence and unity of the Romanians, among which we mention: Simion Barnutiu, Alexandru Papiu Ilarian, Iuliu Coroian, George Pop de Basesti, Iuliu Maniu and others.

About region

Măerişte

Măerişte

The locality is situated on the valley of Crasna, on the road that links Şimleu Silvaniei town with Satu Mare municipality, crossing Sărmăşag commune. The commune is bordered to: the North by Bobota, to the West by Camar, to the South by Carastel

Bobota

Bobota

Bobota commune is located in the hilly area of the Marginal Platform of Sălaj, in the contact area of Toglaciului Hillocks with the corridor of Crasna and the Piedmont of Sălaj. The predominant relief of the commune is hilly and belongs to the Depr

Chieşd

Chieşd

General information Chieşd commune is located in the northwest of Sălaj County, on the border with Satu Mare County. It is bordered to the east by Samsud commune, to the west by Giorocuţa village, to the north by Bogdand commune, to the south by

Pericei

Pericei

Pericei commune is located in the hilly area of Crasna Depression and of Zalau Depression. It is bordered: to the west by Şimleu-Silvaniei town, to the south by Bic village and Crasna, to the east by Vârşolţ and Borla, to the north by Bocşa

Şamşud

Şamşud

Şamşud commune is located at the northern boundary of Sălaj County, in the hilly region of the Piedmont of Sălaj, 28 km away from Zalău municipality. The economy of the commune is one focusing on the development of the agriculture sectors. The 1

Sărmăşag

Sărmăşag

Sărmăşag commune, from a geographical point of view, belongs to the Marginal Platform of Sălaj, at the contact of Toglaciului Hillocks with the Piedmont of Sălaj, on the alignments of the lowered corridors of the rivers Zalău and Crasna. Sărm